Existence-Nonexistence Necessity-Contingency While Kant does not give a formal derivation of it, he believes that this is the complete and necessary list of the a priori contributions that the understanding brings to its judgments of the world.
Kant maintained that foundational moral principles must be a priori, not based on observation or experience. Kant takes the moral law to be legislated by the will to itself.
Unlike holy beings, human beings experience morality as a constraint upon our wills. For us, the moral law is a categorical imperative.
All ethical duties are ultimately grounded in this supreme moral principle.
If we are bound to obey the moral law, we must be capable of doing so; Kant holds that, even assuming causal determinism in the phenomenal world, morality reveals our noumenal freedom to us.
Kant attributes moral worth only to action done from duty i. For example, Kant appears to condemn all lies as violations of a duty to oneself.
The book is accessible enough for advanced undergraduates and other readers new to Kant. Other selections suitable for those new to Kant are JohnsonSchneewindand Uleman Uleman is the most comprehensive and detailed, and written with advanced undergraduates in mind. Like GuyerUleman can serve as a textbook.
Johnson is available online and periodically updated. It provides an overview that focuses on the foundational doctrines of the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Moralsthough it is not limited to them. The remaining four selections are highly influential books.
Paton is especially worth reading on the categorical imperative and its formulations. Nell is especially important when it comes to topics of maxim formulation and the contradiction tests of the first formulation of the categorical imperative.
Allison is particularly valuable for the discussion of freedom. Cambridge University Press, Edited by Edward N. Includes bibliography and links to other Internet resources, including but not limited to related Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entries. Updated every few years.
An Essay in Kantian Ethics. Columbia University Press, Much attention is focused on the formula of universal law, its contradiction tests, and related issues regarding ends, maxims, and intentions. Its influence on English-language Kant scholarship would be difficult to overstate. Edited by Paul Guyer, — A philosophically and historically informative introduction.
Geared toward advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and above. Main topics include practical reason; will, choice, and desire; freedom and its place in nature; the categorical imperative; and the goodness of a good will.
The focus of the other four main chapters is the relation of morality to human nature. Topics here include practical anthropology, history, inclinations and passions, and radical evil. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.
Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions. For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.Immanuel Kant is one of the greatest philosophers of all time.
Here's what you should know about Kant's ethics in a nutshell. Immanuel Kant is one of the greatest philosophers of all time. Here's what you should know about Kant's ethics in a nutshell. An Introduction to Virtue Ethics. What is the Study of Ethics?
In addition to philosophical topics of metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics, Kant made valuable contributions to astrophysical theory as well as political philosophy.
The major work from Immanuel Kant that stands as a pinnacle in philosophical history is his Critique of Pure Reason. Included are Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Introduction to the Metaphysic of Morals, and The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics.
Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals is one of the most important works in modern moral philosophy.4/5(1).
An Introduction to the Work of Kant The philosophy of Immanuel Kant (–) can be divided into two major branches. His theoretical philosophy, which includes metaphysics, is based on the rational understanding of the concept of nature. KANTIAN ETHICS. German philosopher Immanuel Kant () was an opponent of utilitarianism.
Leading 20 th century proponent of Kantianism: Professor Elizabeth Anscombe (). Basic Summary: Kant, unlike Mill, believed that certain types of actions (including murder, theft, and lying) were absolutely prohibited, even in cases . Introduction. The ethical theory of Immanuel Kant (b. –d.
) exerted a powerful influence on the subsequent history of philosophy and continues to be a dominant approach to ethics, rivaling consequentialism and virtue ethics.