During the Early Enlightenment ca. During the Late Enlightenment ca. Louis' reign was characterized by extensive patronage of the arts, ruthless persecution of the Huguenots which virtually ended Protestantism in Franceand constant wars of attempted expansion. This conflict resulted from the extinction of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain, which caused Louis' grandson Philip to inherit the Spanish throne; left unchecked, this would eventually have led to the union of France and Spain under a single monarch.
Throughout his long reign Louis XIV — never lost the hold over his people he had assumed at the beginning.
He succeeded his father on May 14, At the age of four years and eight months, he was, according to the laws of the kingdom, not only the master but the owner of the bodies and property of 19 million subjects.
He once narrowly escaped drowning in a pond because no one was watching him. This marked the beginning of the long civil war known as the Frondein the course of which Louis suffered poverty, misfortune, fear, humiliation, cold, and hunger.
These trials shaped the future character, behaviour, and mode of thought of the young king.
He would never forgive either Paristhe nobles, or the common people. The war begun in between France and Spain was then entering its last phase. The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons.
A French king had to be a soldier, and so Louis served his apprenticeship on the battlefield. In Louis faced the great conflict between love and duty, a familiar one for princes of that period. The childhood of Louis XIV was at an end, but no one believed him capable of seizing the reins of power.
No one suspected his thoughts.
In my heart I prefer fame above all else, even life itself. The young king Mazarin died on March 9, The dramatic blow came on March The king informed his astonished ministers that he intended to assume all responsibility for ruling the kingdom.
This had not occurred since the reign of Henry IV. From this conviction he gained not only a dangerous feeling of infallibility but also considerable serenity and moderation. He was backed up first by the great ministers Jean-Baptiste Colbertmarquis de Louvoisand Hugues de Lionneamong whom he fostered dissension, and later by men of lesser capacity.
For 54 years Louis devoted himself to his task eight hours a day; not the smallest detail escaped his attention. He wanted to control everything from court etiquette to troop movements, from road building to theological disputes. He succeeded because he faithfully reflected the mood of a France overflowing with youth and vigour and enamoured of grandeur.
Louis lured them to his court, corrupted them with gambling, exhausted them with dissipationand made their destinies dependent on their capacity to please him. Etiquette became a means of governing. From that time, the nobility ceased to be an important factor in French politics, which in some respects weakened the nation.
He knew well how to make use of them. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences. Little remains of his splendid palaces at Saint-Germain and Marly, but Versailles —cursed as extravagant even as it was under construction and accused of having ruined the nation—still stands.
Reproduced by permission of the trustees of the Wallace Collection, London; photograph, J.Louis XIV: Louis XIV, king of France (–) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age.
He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson. Related Documents: Essay on Absolutism: Louis Xiv of France and Absolutism Essay on Louis Xiv Introduction Louis XIV of France ranks as one of the most remarkable monarchs in history.
Essay about Absolutism and Louis Xiv; Essay about Absolutism and Louis Xiv. and personal tendencies. Louis XIV is the longest reigning monarch in European history, and during his impressive reign, France enjoyed a Golden Age of arts and commerce. Kangxi vs. Louis XIV- Absolutism Absolute monarchy or absolutism means that the .
Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the pfmlures.com is linked to the Roman Empire and with Medieval Western Christendom which emerged from the Middle Ages to experience such transformative episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, scientific revolution, and the development of liberal democracy.
Introduction The 16th century was Louis XIII established Absolute Monarchy in France during his reign.
When his son and successor Louis XIV came to power, a period of trouble known as the Fronde occurred in France, taking advantage of Louis XIV's minority.
Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the pfmlures.com is linked to the Roman Empire and with Medieval Western Christendom which emerged from the Middle Ages to experience such transformative episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, scientific revolution, and the development of liberal democracy. Louis XIV ruled France from Known as the 'Sun King,' he presided over an era of territorial and military expansion, but he is best known for renovating the Palace of Versailles. View of Versailles Palace. Orangerie Gardens at Versailles. Introduction. The Palace of Versailles (built c), a magnificent example of French Baroque architecture, is the most famous royal chateau in pfmlures.com gigantic scale of Versailles exemplifies the architectural theme of 'creation by division' - a series of simple repetitions rhythmically marked off by the repetition of the.
This rebellion was driven by the great feudal lords and sovereign courts as a. View of Versailles Palace. Orangerie Gardens at Versailles. Introduction. The Palace of Versailles (built c), a magnificent example of French Baroque architecture, is the most famous royal chateau in pfmlures.com gigantic scale of Versailles exemplifies the architectural theme of 'creation by division' - a series of simple repetitions rhythmically marked off by the repetition of the.