Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two. European characteristics fell by the wayside and the old country's institutions e.
Democracy, with all its problems, also has its paradoxes. Regular elections lead to short government life-time. This seems to result in more emphasis on short term goals and safer issues that appeal to populist issues. It also diverts precious time toward re-election campaigns Anti-democratic forces may use the democratic process to get voted in or get policies enacted in their favor.
Communism economic preferences, and liberal vs authoritarian political preferences may allow for non-democratic policies under the guise of democracy Democracies may, ironically perhaps, create a more effective military as people chose to willingly support their democratic ideals and are not forced to fight.
Some of these are discussed further, here: Voting in non-democratic forces Two examples of this paradox are the following: Hitler and his party were voted in.
He then got rid of democracy and started his gross human rights violations and genocidal campaigns as a dictator. Hamas was also recently voted in by Palestinians. The lack of aid, upon which the Palestinians have been quite dependent contributed to friction amongst Palestinians who support Hamas and those that do not and this has been amplified by the worsening economic situation there.
The Hitler example highlights the importance media and propaganda play and the need for continued open self-criticism to guard against these tendencies. Minorities losing out to majorities Another criticism of democracy is that sometimes what the majority votes for or prefers, may not necessarily be good for everyone.
A common example plaguing many countries which have diversity in race and religion is that a dominant group may prefer policies that undermine others. Some quick examples include Nigeria which has large Christian and Muslim populations; some Muslims there, and in other countries, want Sharia Law, which not all Muslim necessarily want, let alone people of other faiths.
If only a very slight majority can override a very large minority on such an important issue as how one should live, then there is a real chance for tension and conflict. Another example is India, often help us an example of pluralism throughput the ages, despite all manner of challenges.
Yet, unfortunately an Indian government report finds that its claims to religious integration and harmony are on far shakier grounds than previously believed.
This can come through various outlets, including, a diverse mainstream media, institutions such as religious and legal ones, schooling, family upbringings, etc Equally important are the underlying economic conditions and situations of a country. Generally, it seems, where economically people are generally doing well, where the inequality gap is not excessive, people have less of a reason to opt for more defensive, reactionary or aggressive policies that undermine others.
The fear of the public and disdain of democracy from elites while publicly claiming to supporting it People often see democracy as an equalizing factor that should not allow the elite or wealthy in a society to rule in an autocratic, despotic, unaccountable manner.
Instead they have to respond to the will of the people, and ultimately be accountable to them. Furthermore and ideally, it should not only be the wealthy or elite that hold the power. There should be some form of equality when representing the nation. However, this has also meant at least two accompanying phenomena: Interestingly, leading up to the US mid-term elections, amidst all sorts of allegations of corruption coming to light, in an interview by Democracy Now!
Karl Rove, the influential, but controversial, advisor and strategist for President George W. What people do not realize about [Karl Rove] is that everything about him is political utility. When he looked at what was going on with the megachurches Karl decided he was going to take these gigantic churches on the Christian right and to turn them into a gigantic vote delivery system.
This is not a man who has deeply held religious faith. This is just one example, where parties have simply targeted people to get votes for power.
And yet, many in the religious right believe that Bush represents them and some even see him as an instrument of Godshowing just how effective political utility and manipulation has been.
Noting that different people refer to, and think of democracy in different ways, even some despots have called themselves democratic!
For such volatile ingredients can at times be unstable unless in carefully measured and monitored combinations. John Stuart Mill whose Essay on Liberty and Considerations on Representative Government are two of the great books of the modern world, came to believe that every adult yes, women too should have the vote, but only after compulsory secondary education had been instituted and had time to take effect.Democracy is an ideal many people have struggled for.
Yet, different forms of democracy attract different forms of corrupting influences and challenges. This article attempts to explore these issues. PTE Academic most repeated essay writings with helpful tips provided and essay solution to form a complete essay using the hints given.
Industrial Democracy Essay In its most general form industrial democracy refers to employees’ right to be involved in the decision-making process at the workplace. Neoliberal ideas emerged from the ruins of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the early twentieth century.
While the empire had been growing quickly into an industrial power, it lagged behind Germany. Scholarship Essay Contests.
Not everyone can boast an amazing GPA, a scroll of extracurricular activities, and top marks on their standardized tests. The essay has also highlighted some cases where industrial democracy is compromised, for example issues to do with the right to strike and determination of minimum wages.
One can therefore conclude that industrial democracy partially exists in Zimbabwe.