Coca, variety coca, which is cultivated on the eastern slopes of the Andes from Bolivia in the south to as far north as Ecuador. This area of the Andes has a tropical climate and experiences high amounts of rainfall.
Coca chewing out of the UN convention? Where is coca grown? Coca is traditionally cultivated in the lower altitudes of the eastern slopes of the Andes, or the highlands depending on the species grown, in particular in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru. In the late 19th century, colonial powers replanted coca outside its natural habitat.
There was significant coca cultivation on the island of Java at the time part of the Dutch East-Indies, currently Indonesia and Ceylon Sri Lankaas well as Formosa at the time a Japanese protectorate, currently Taiwan.
In the s Java was the major producer of coca in the world. Coca could easily escape the Andes for other tropical regions if enough pressure to eradicate the plant is applied.
Occasionally rumours crop up that coca is grown in the Congo, but there has been no definitive confirmation of its diversion to other continents.
How much do coca producers benefit from the drugs trade? For cocaine the cost of production and refining in the source countries is only one to two per cent of retail price in developing or transitional countries.
The overwhelming majority of those involved in the drug trade make very modest incomes. A few individuals in the trafficking, smuggling and wholesale sector make great fortunes but that accounts for a small share of the total income.
What methods have been used to tackle the cocaine problem? Since the s aggressive strategies have been applied to eradicate coca cultivation in the Andean region — mainly instigated by the United States. In Peru and Bolivia manual forced eradication has lead to clashes between coca-producers cocaleros and military, resulting in deaths and human right violations.
Colombia is the country where forced eradication of illicit cultivation of coca is executed in the most aggressive way by aerial spraying with herbicides fumigation. Aerial fumigation sets in motion a destructive vicious circle of chemical pollution, livelihood destruction, migration into even more vulnerable areas, deforestation, displacement and expansion of the areas of illicit crop cultivation, which then are again fumigated, etc.
This leads to erosion of state legitimacy, violation of human rights and increased peasant support for guerrilla movements. This vicious circle urgently needs to be broken, in defence of the peasants whose livelihoods are destroyed, to preserve the environment and to improve prospects for conflict resolution.
The Chemical and Biological "War on Drugs"Martin Jelsma, TNI Briefing, March, b Alternative development Another strategy is to provide coca-growing peasant with alternative development projects, substituting coca with other viable crops. The record of success, however, is a questionable one.
Conditionality refers to making alternative development assistance conditional on prior eradication of coca crops.Can I Grow Coca Plant: High Success Rates · Medical Detox · Get Help Now · 24/7 Hotline.
Coca is a plant. It is the source of cocaine, which is an illegal drug that is used nasally, injected, or smoked for mind-altering effects. Cocaine is also an FDA-approved Schedule C-II drug.
Coca Plant Legality: High Success Rates · Medical Detox · Get Help Now · 24/7 Hotline. The Chocolate Plant is a chocolate lover's must have, because they can grow their own cocoa beans right at home, on an exotic, beautiful plant with vibrant yellow pods/5(8).
Despite the drug's infamy, cocaine is chemically similar to a host of anesthetics and stimulants used legally every day. Understanding how cocaine is made in the coca plant might therefore lead to. Amounts shown in italicized text are for items listed in currency other than Canadian dollars and are approximate conversions to Canadian dollars based upon Bloomberg's conversion rates.