The things they carried effects of war

And with all this bestial behaviour, they avoided the sick as much as possible. In this suffering and misery of our city, the authority of human and divine laws almost disappeared, for, like other men, the ministers and the executors of the laws were all dead or sick or shut up with their families, so that no duties were carried out. Every man was therefore able to do as he pleased. Many others adopted a course of life midway between the two just described.

The things they carried effects of war

Rawkets by Reid Southen Introduction Germinating in regions far apart, these empires easily mastered any sub-utopian worlds that lay within reach.

Thus they spread from one planetary system to another, til at last empire made contact with empire. Then followed wars such as had never occurred before in our galaxy.

Fleets of worlds, natural and artificial, manoeuvred among the stars to outwit one another, and destroyed one another with long-range jets of sub-atomic energy. As the tides of battle spread hither and thither through space, whole planetary systems were annihilated.

Many a world spirit found a sudden end. Many a lowly race that had no part in the strife was slaughtered in the celestial warfare that raged around it. At least to the extent that competition and aggression are recognized solutions to ecological limitations, evidence accumulated to date suggests that the concept of war should not be strange to many sentient extra terrestrial races.

Purposive murder, which has been called "individual war,"31 has been observed in countless vertebrate animal species, including lions, hyenas, macaques, chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, elephants seals, wild dogs, hippos, seagulls, bears, and mountain lions.

Wilson, this means that lions are excessively violent by human standards: If some imaginary Martian zoologist visiting Earth were to observe man as simply one more species over a very long period of time, he might conclude that we are among the more pacific mammals as measured by serious assaults or murders per individual per unit time, even when our episodic wars are averaged in.

Recent studies of hyenas, lions, and langur monkeys, to take three familiar species, have disclosed that individuals engage in lethal fighting, infanticide, and even cannibalism at a rate far above that found in human societies. When a count is made of the number of murders committed per thousand individuals per year, human beings are well down on the list of violently aggressive creatures.

Hyena packs clash in deadly pitched battles that are virtually indistinguishable from primitive human warfare. I suspect that if hamadryas baboons had nuclear weapons, they would destroy the world in a week. Consider the factors of sentience, dispersion, size and heritage.

Beings having genetic sentience have no concept of the self and thus no empathy for the pain and suffering of others. Genetic warriors should be the most ruthless and persistent, each individual driven on by the community urge with no thought of self-preservation.

Similarly, communal sentients should be highly pacific among themselves but instantly reactive to any threat to the community at large. Personal sacrifice may be moderated by personal consciousness, but war will be perceived more as a match between two social organisms rather than as a contest between individual combatants.

Environmental effects of war

Patriotism may serve as a primary emotion rather than a vague ethical ideal, so communal soldiers may fight with a unity of purpose unparalleled in all of human experience. Finally, brain sentients such as human beings will fear for the integrity of the self without the matching support of a visceral sense of community.The Things They Carried By Tim O'Brien The undying psychological effects of war "Forty-three years old, and the war occurred half a lifetime ago, and yet the remembering makes it now" (O'Brien 36).

The "Cliff Notes" is no replacement for reading the real thing, but this text adds so much added material about the author and the stories in the text and history for the time period that anyone younger than 40 years of age can really-really benefit from in an affordable and easily read format.

Unit (Japanese: 部隊, Hepburn: Nana-san-ichi Butai) was a covert biological and chemical warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (–) of World War was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried out by Imperial Japan.

The Flood (Latin Inferi redivivus, meaning "the dead reincarnated") or the Parasite, as they are known to the Covenant, are a species of highly virulent parasitic organisms that can reproduce and grow by consuming sentient life forms of sufficient biomass and cognitive capability.

The Flood was. The Things They Carried () is a collection of linked short stories by American novelist Tim O'Brien, about a platoon of American soldiers fighting on the ground in the Vietnam War.

His third book about the war, it is based upon his experiences as a soldier in the 23rd Infantry Division. May 07,  · In Tim O’Brien’s novel The Things They Carried, Tim O’Brien’s characters set a perfect example as to how their life changed during and after the war.

The things they carried effects of war

Norman Bowker for example, one of the characters in the novel, was a victim of the war.

The Things They Carried Summary -