Thesis of eclecticism

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Thesis of eclecticism

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See Article History Best of all possible worlds, in the philosophy of the early modern philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz —the thesis that the existing world is the best world that God could have created. In rough outline, the argument proceeds as follows: God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent; 2.

Thesis of eclecticism

God created the existing world; 3. God could have created a different world or none at all i.

Varieties of philosophical realism

Because God is omnipotent and omniscient, he knew which possible world was the best and was able to create it, and, because he is omnibenevolent, he chose to create that world; 5. Therefore, the existing world, the one that God created, is the best of all possible worlds.

Against the claim that, because the number of possible worlds is infinitethere is no single possible world that is best for any given good world, there will always be another world that is betterLeibniz argued that, if there were no best possible world, then God would not have had a sufficient reason to create one world rather than another, and so he would not have created any world at all.

But he did create a world, the existing one, which therefore must be the best possible.


Against the claim that the existing world is not the best of all possible worlds because it is easy to imagine a world that has less evil in it, Leibniz argued that it is questionable whether a world with less evil really is imaginable.

Because of the interconnectedness of events, it could be that any world that does not contain the evil of the existing world would necessarily contain other, greater forms of evil.

Furthermore, it could be that the existing world, despite the evident evil in it, is actually the best possible according to a divine standard of goodness that differs from ordinary conceptions of that notion.

Thesis of eclecticism

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Eclecticism | Definition of Eclecticism by Merriam-Webster

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Analytic Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy